With 100’s of guides out on the internet on optimizing Windows 10, below suggestions you’ll most likely find elsewhere. But my intention with this guide is to share what has worked best for myself, my computers and others that I have repaired or tuned.
For best performance: 1. Max out your memory capacity to at least 8GB, (8 GB is almost standard these days) if not 16GB. 16 GB of system memory is plenty. 2. If you have a standard Hard Disk Drive (HDD), upgrade to a Solid State Drive (AKA = SSD). Huge speed difference, better reliability & overall performance. 250GB SSD you can get for $70-$100, and is well worth the money & investment! 3. Keep your startup programs to a minimum and periodically run malware, virus scans on your system.
Solid State Drive vs Hard Disk Drive
“Basically, a solid-state drive (SSD) is a data storage device that uses solid-state memory to store data. SSDs have the same purpose as conventional mechanical hard drives, but there is one crucial difference – they are electronic devices and don’t have any mechanical parts. Unlike HDDs, SSDs don’t store data on spinning platters, but use flash memory instead. SSDs have a lot of benefits, but the two most important ones are speed and reliability.” SSD average life span 15-20+ years. http://www.auslogics.com/en/turbo-windows/ssd-vs-hard-drive/
“Hard Disk Drives, or HDD, have been around for donkey’s years relative to the technology world. HDDs were first introduced by IBM in 1956 – yes folks this is nearly 60-year old technology, thank goodness vacuum tubes for TVs didn’t last so long! An HDD uses magnetism to store data on a rotating platter. A read/write head floats above the spinning platter reading and writing data. The faster the platter spins, the faster an HDD can perform. Typical laptop drives today spin at either 5400 RPM (Revolutions per Minute) or 7200RPM, though some server-based platters spin at up to 15,000 RPM!” Due to the moving disk platters in an HDD, they are much slower than an SSD, and highly prone to problems, errors and drive failure. HDD average lifespan of 1-5 yrs.
Most SSD manufactures make it easy to change over, upgrade by including disk cloning software. Cloning software will copy or “clone” your existing operating system, with ALL data, programs. settings over to the SSD. Then it is just a matter of swapping the SSD into your laptop or computer, or re-configuring your boards bio’s boot order. If a desktop system, your old HDD can be formatted & setup as an extra storage device if you choose. How to Migrate to a Solid-State Drive Without Reinstalling Windows
HDD vs SSD Comparison
HDD average read/write transfer speed: 100-130mbps / SSD average read/write transfer speed: 500-600mbps+.
HDD boot-startup: 30-120+ seconds / SSD boot-startup: 6-10 seconds, fully loaded up ready to go.
HDD need to be defragmented periodically.
SSD’s do not, and should not be defragmented. The process on and SSD is called “Trim”, done automatically.
HDD’s with moving internal platters are prone to failure & problems from heat, and any sudden bump or “jolt” to the drive.
Programs & file access times, installations, system updates including your internet browser are MUCH quicker with an SSD.
Clean The Junk Out – Disk Cleaner
Download & Install CCleaner FREE and “Run Cleaner”. This will clean your disk, browser surfing history out, and free up disk space. Good to run this through almost everyday, if you run it often it will run through fairly quickly. And with a solid state drive very quickly. Free version of CCLeaner I have set within CCleaners settings “Not To Monitor…”, I run manually myself at the end of each day, which is know problem to me. Having it “monitor” and performing the disk cleanup automatically requires CCLeaner to run at startup. Just another un-needed startup program. See minimizing startup programs below.
The standard Windows Disk Cleaner will pickup some more. Open Start Menu and scroll down to “Windows Administrative Tools” and open “Disk Cleaner”. Right clicking on “Disk Cleaner” and choosing “Run As Admin” will give you a few more options to clean also.
Defragment Your Hard Disk Drive (HDD)
Only needed with a standard hard disk drive. You should NOT perform a defragmentation with SSD drives.
“Over time, new files get written to your hard disk and old ones get deleted. When files are removed, gaps are created in the hard drive where new data can be written. Sometimes the new data doesn’t quite fit in the gaps and some files get written in multiple areas on the hard disk. These files become “fragmented,” meaning they consist of fragments of data. Because the hard drive has to scan multiple parts of the the disk to read a fragmented file, it can slow down the operation of the computer. Defragmenting the hard disk cures this problem. A hard disk utility, such as “Defraggler“, can put file fragments together to create contiguous files. Contiguous files are read more efficiently by the hard drive and therefore lead to faster data access.”
Windows operating has it’s own built in drive defragmentation, schedule should be setup. Open Cortana and type search “Defragment”,, click on Defragment & Optimize Drives. Here you can run a defragmentation pass through and change scheduled settings. Depending on your computer usage, run at least once per month IF NOT once every 2 weeks.
As more & more upgrade to Solid State Drives (SSD’s), standard hard disk drives and defragmenting will become a thing of the past, obsolete.
Or download and install Defraggler it’s free.
Scan For Viruses – Malware
Run CCLeaner through first. This will clean non needed junk out which will quicken the scans a bit. If you don’t have these programs below, download, install, scan and remove any threats they find. Depending on your surfing habits, good to run scans periodically.
– Malwarebytes FREE (Opt out for “trial” version)
– AdwCleaner FREE
– Junkware Removal Tool (JRT)
Fine Tuning Windows 10 Startup Programs
Now you need your anti virus, automatic offsite backup running,, but look at “Startup Impact” and disable anything you can get by with starting up manually as you need to.
Click photo for larger view >>
Windows 10 Advanced System Settings
Uncheck all “Animations (3), “Fade..” options (3) and “Slide Open Combo Boxes”, “Save Taskbar Thumbnail…”, “Show Shadows…”click “Apply, Ok”. Click photo for larger view >>
While your still in “Advanced System Settings”. click “Remote” tab and uncheck “Allow Remote Assistance….” click “Apply, Ok”
Turn Off, Disable OneDrive
Unless you use OneDrive, do not disable.
Turn Off – Disable OneDrive
Use Windows 10 Performance Troubleshooter
“In Cortana’s search box next to the Start button, type troubleshooting and under System and Security, you’ll see the choice Check for performance issues. Run the troubleshooter and it may find the root cause of your slowdown. For good measure, run through the other troubleshooters, including System Maintenance, Search and Indexing, Hardware and Sounds, and Programs.”
Windows 10 does a fairly good job updating drivers. Other times it takes checking the hardware manufactures website on each piece of hardware (audio, video, network lan, wifi etc) for recent updates. “PC Hardware driver is one of the most important parts of PC, without which a computer can’t communicate (send and receive data) with the hardware devices properly. These Hardware Drivers or Device drivers is actually a software component that allows the Operating System and the device to communicate with each other efficiently.”
Optimize Windows 10 System Updates
Open the Settings App (Win + I) > Choose Update & Security > Choose Advanced Options > Choose Delivery Optimization >
Turn OFF “Allow Downloads From Other PC’s”
Set Up Active Hours For Windows Updates –
Without “Active Hours set, Windows can reboot to install updates at any time, right when your are in the middle of something important. “Active Hours” tells Windows that it is not OK to automatically restart your computer without warning you during a certain period of time.
Open the Settings App (Win + I) > Choose Update & Security > Windows Update > “Change Active Hours”. Set your hours accordingly. For example, I have mine set from 9am until 11pm.
Tweak Windows 10 Menu Delay
Note, use at your own risk especially when making ANY changes in the system registry.
Press the Windows key + R keys to open the run dialog, type regedit, and click on “OK” to open Registry Editor.
In Registry Editor, navigate to the location below –
In the right pane of the Desktop key, double click on the MenuShowDelay string value to modify it. Type in a number between 0 to 4000 (400 is default) for how many milliseconds (1000 milliseconds = 1 second) you want the menu to wait before it opens, and click on OK. Change, and test at 200.
The lower the #, the faster the response time. If you use an entry of 0, there is no menu display delay. Not recommended to use 0 since the menus may be hard to navigate through at that speed.
“While having your HDDs turn off after set x amount of idle minutes can help save energy, it can also cause your PC to pause while waiting for the HDD to spin back up when needed. You could either set this to never turn off the HDDs, or increase the amount of idle minutes before turning off the HDDs to avoid it being turned off while you may still need it and have to wait for it to spin back up as often.”
System – Display, Sound, Notifications, Power
Notifications & Actions: Turn Off – Disable all notifications. This will quiet the right side pop out notification panel. Unless you prefer notifications, leave on.
Power & Sleep: Look for “Additional Power Settings” and click. Change power profile to High Performance. If you don’t see “High Performance” click current “Change Plan Settings”, > “Change Advance Power Setting” > scroll down to “Processor Power Management” and change “Minimum Processor State When Plugged In” to 100. (that’s 100%). While you are there check “Maximum Processor State” to make sure when plugged in is set at 100.
By default, most processors at set to cycle down when idle, and cycle up to 100% speed when pc load calls for it. To conserve energy & control temperature of your computer.
“Caution: Using the “High Performance” power scheme, or changing “Processor Power Management” to 100% may cause some laptops to run hotter than normal.”
Privacy Settings –
Location: Turn off everything which you don’t need. This is optional, your preference.
Camera: Turn Off – Disable “Allow Apps To Access Your Camera”.
Microphone: Turn Off – Disable “Let Apps Use Your Microphone” or manually turn off apps you don’t need.
Contacts: Turn off “Allow Apps To Access Your Contacts”. This is optional, your preference.
Call History: Turn off “Allow Apps To Access Your Call History”
Messaging: “Allow Apps To Read Or Send Messages”… If you don’t use Skye, turn off.
Turn off “Let Microsoft Provice more tailored experiences with relevant tips and recommendations by using your diagnostic data”
Background Apps: Turn off “Let apps run in the background” OR manually choose the programs that you want to run in the background. You can still use the programs even if you turn them off.
Posted By Lightspeeds PC Repair Augusta GA